Strabismus is when eyes don’t line up or one or both eyes wander.

The eyes may turn:

  • inward (esotropia/cross-eyed)
  • outward (exotropia)
  • up (hypertropia)
  • down (hypotropia)

When eyes don’t line up well than straight eye will be dominant. One eye can focus and we cannot because of the signals to the brain.

Sometimes, strabismus is very noticeable. Other times, it might only be noticed when a child is tired or looking at something very closely.

Most kids with strabismus are diagnosed when they’re between 1 and 4 years old. Rarely, a child might develop strabismus after age 6. If this happens, it’s important for the child to see a doctor right away to rule out other conditions.


  • Eyes are not straight
  • double vision

If your child has any of these signs or symptoms, tell your health care provider.

How Is Strabismus Treated?

The earlier strabismus is treated, the better. This is because key connections between a child’s eyes and brain form by about 8 years old.


  • eyeglasses
  • eye patching
  • eye drops
  • eye muscle surgery

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